Data from large epidemiological studies can be used to guide decisions about health. There’s a lot of confusion about coffee consumption in terms of health…What does the epidemiological data say?
Crippa et al. (2014) pooled the results from 21 studies that included almost 1 million subjects (997,464 to be exact). As shown below, 4 cups of coffee per day (~32 oz, about 1 Liter) is associated with ~15% reduced risk of death from all causes.
More specifically, what about coffee consumption and risk of death from heart disease and cancer? As shown below, ~3 cups of coffee per day is associated with reduced risk of death from heart disease (CVD). Interestingly, CVD risk increases at coffee consumption >3 cups per day:
What about coffee consumption and cancer risk? As shown below, although the association between coffee and cancer was not statistically significant, it looks like ~3 cups of coffee is associated with reduced cancer risk, whereas risk begins to increase in amounts greater than 3 cups.
I hope this clears up some of the confusion that exists about coffee consumption and health!
Crippa A, Discacciati A, Larsson SC, Wolk A, Orsini N. Coffee consumption and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: a dose-response meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Oct 15;180(8):763-75.